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Thyroid & Parathyroid Disease

Thyroid & Parathyroid Disease

Your thyroid gland makes thyroid hormones which regulates your metabolism. The thyroid gland is located in the middle of the lower portion of your neck, just below the larynx (voice box). It is shaped like a bowtie with 2 halves (lobes) joined by a small bar of tissue called the isthmus. It is found just above the collarbones but when enlarged, can extend into the upper chest.

Thyroid Gland Disorders

Diseases of the thyroid gland are very common, affecting millions of Americans. The most common thyroid problems are:

Thyroid Disease Treatment Options

All treatment plans are individualized for you by our Center’s members as a team in consultation with your Primary Care Physician and, when appropriate, an Endocrinologist.

Parathyroid Gland

The parathyroid gland makes a hormone, parathyroid hormone (PTH) which regulates calcium levels in the body. Everyone has at least 4 parathyroid glands, rarely, there are 5 or 6 glands. Normal parathyroid glands are the size of lentil beans. They are usually located adjacent to the thyroid gland with 2 on each side. However, parathyroid glands can be located anywhere from within the chest to under the jaw bone.

Parathyroid Disorders

The most common disorder affecting the parathyroid gland is Primary Hyperparathyroidism. Whereby one or more of the parathyroid glands enlarge, secreting too much PTH. Excess PTH causes calcium levels in the blood to rise while depleting calcium from the bones. The loss of calcium from the bones may weaken them making them more prone to fractures due to Osteoporosis. Elevated blood levels of calcium are a known cause of kidney stones and may bring on symptoms including depression, lethargy, body aches and mood swings. Parathyroid cancer is extremely rare.

How is Primary Hyperparathyroidism Diagnosed?

Diagnosis of Primary Hyperparathyroidism may include the following tests:

When the diagnosis of Primary Hyperparathyroidism is made, a discussion with you & our team in order to decide if surgery is appropriate for your condition. Many times we prefer to take a “Watch and See” approach if the disease is in its early stages.

What sets Advanced Specialty Care apart from other practices?

At Advanced Specialty Care, all of our Board Certified surgeons approach inpatient care in a similar manner; utilizing the most advanced technology & surgical methods in order to ensure patient safety & optimal results.

If you are experiencing or suspect a thyroid or parathyroid disorder, please contact our office to schedule an appointment with one of our Board-Certified ENT surgeons today. Appointments are available at Advanced Specialty Care’s Danbury, New Milford, Norwalk and Ridgefield, CT offices.